Sharing the joy of birds since 1971
Grasshopper Sparrow by Bettina Arrigoni, Wikimedia Commons

Grassland Birds

Since 1970, bird populations in the United States and Canada have declined 29 percent; in other words, we have lost a staggering 2.9 billion birds in the last fifty years. The 2019 study that reported these findings (see found that grassland species fared among the worst with a 53 percent loss. There are 139 million fewer Eastern and Western Meadowlarks alone. Although some groups of birds have rebounded since 1970 (raptors, waterfowl, woodpeckers), the grassland species are sorely in need of help. In our area, that includes the Eastern Meadowlark and the Grasshopper Sparrow. Southern Maryland Audubon Society has partnered with a new project to find solutions.

Infographic on grassland bird declines
Courtesy of Cornell Lab of Ornithology

SMAS Joins Project to Save Our Iconic Grassland Birds in Southern Maryland

A project to promote bird-friendly management on Southern Maryland hay farms is now underway! Saving Southern Maryland’s Grassland Birds is a collaboration among the Southern Maryland Audubon Society, the Patuxent Tidewater Land Trust, Historic Sotterley Inc., and Farmers Feeding Southern Maryland.  Two hay farmers, Joe Goldsmith and BJ Bowling, are coordinating with SMAS board member David Moulton to test “bird-friendly” haying approaches on a 75-acre private hayfield just north of Historic Sotterley in Hollywood, Maryland.

Birder and farmer stand in hayfield with farm equipment and hay bale
David Moulton of SMAS (left) and BJ Bowling of Newport Farms discuss bird-friendly mowing. Both birds and farmers depend on viable hay fields.

“Southern Maryland Audubon Society is proud to be part of this research to help protect threatened grassland bird species,” says SMAS President Tiffany Farrell.  The populations of Eastern Meadowlark and Grasshopper Sparrow are both in grave decline. Their nests, commonly found in hayfields, can easily be destroyed when using conventional haying techniques. But changing mowing heights, patterns, and timing can give these threatened birds a chance to breed successfully and still allow farmers to hay profitably. For more information about this initiative, visit the project website at